habeas corpus

habeas corpus
/heybiyas korpas/heybiyz/. Lat. (You have the body.) The name given to a variety of writs (of which these were anciently the emphatic words), having for their object to bring a party before a court or judge. In common usage, and whenever these words are used alone, they are usually understood to mean the habeas corpus ad subjiciendum (see infra). U. S. v. Tod, 263 U.S. 149, 44 S.Ct. 54, 57, 68 L.Ed. 221.
The primary function of the writ is to release from unlawful imprisonment. People ex rel. Luciano v. Murphy, 160 Misc. 573, 290 N.Y.S. 1011.
The office of the writ is not to determine prisoner's guilt or innocence, and only issue which it presents is whether prisoner is restrained of his liberty by due process. Ex parte Presnell, 58 Okl.Cr. 50, 49 P.2d 232.
A form of collateral attack. An independent proceeding instituted to determine whether a defendant is being unlawfully deprived of his or her liberty. It is not an appropriate proceeding for appeal-like review of discretionary decisions of a lower court. Sheriff, Clark County v. Hatch, 100 Nev. 664, 691 P.2d 449, 450.
For federal habeas corpus procedures, see 28 U.S.C.A. No. 2241 et seq.
Initially, the writ only permitted a prisoner to challenge a state conviction on constitutional grounds that related to the jurisdiction of the state court. But the scope of the inquiry was gradually expanded, and Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391, 83 S.Ct. 822, 9 L.Ed.2d 837, concluded that the writ now extends to all constitutional challenges.
See also post-conviction remedies with respect to review of sentence of federal prisoner

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • habeas corpus — habeas cor·pus / kȯr pəs, ˌpu̇s/ n [Medieval Latin, literally, you should have the body (the opening words of the writ)]: any of several writs originating at common law that are issued to bring a party before the court; esp: habeas corpus ad… …   Law dictionary

  • Habeas Corpus — L’ordonnance, bref ou mandat d habeas corpus (en anglais writ of habeas corpus), plus exactement habeas corpus ad subjiciendum et recipiendum, énonce une liberté fondamentale, celle de ne pas être emprisonné sans jugement. En vertu de cette loi,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • habeas corpus — ha‧be‧as cor‧pus [ˌheɪbiəs ˈkɔːpəs ǁ ˈkɔːr ] noun [uncountable] LAW the right of someone in prison to come to a court of law so that the court can decide whether they should stay in prison: • 40% of habeas corpus appeals are successful. * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • habeas corpus — writ requiring a person to be brought before a court, mid 15c., Latin, lit. (you should) have the person, in phrase habeas corpus ad subjiciendum produce or have the person to be subjected to (examination), opening words of writs in 14c. Anglo… …   Etymology dictionary

  • habeas\ corpus — [ abeaskɔrpys ] n. m. • 1672; mots lat. « que tu aies le corps », s. ent. ad subjiciendum « pour le produire (devant la cour) » ♦ Institution garantie par la loi anglaise de 1679 (communément appelée Habeas corpus Act) en vue d assurer le respect …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • habeas corpus — |ábeàs córpus| s. m. Lei de origem inglesa (Magna Carta, de 15 VI 1215) que garante a liberdade individual aos cidadãos, dando aos acusados o direito de serem imediatamente julgados ou aguardarem o seu julgamento em liberdade, mediante fiança.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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  • habeas corpus — [ad΄ sub jis΄ē en′dəmhā΄bē əs kôr′pəs] n. [ME < L, (that) you have the body] Law any of various writs ordering a person to be brought before a court; specif., a writ requiring that a detained person be brought before a court to decide the… …   English World dictionary

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